Innovation comes at a price. But innovative processes and methods such as Building Information Modeling and Lean Construction Management allow Blue Buildings to be built economically and established buildings to be upgraded both technically and structurally for the future.
Networking is in. Particularly since Web 2.0: Today, nearly everyone is a member of a social network, and friends and business associates talk about smart grids and the “Internet of Things”. Buildings are no exception to this trend – and increasingly they are being networked not only internally but also externally with other properties and infrastructure. Amongst other features, the building of the future will be able to optimize consumption and cut costs in a targeted way.
The price of electricity and energy will continue to increase in future. Buildings are already being designed to be energy self-sufficient – and even to produce surplus energy – to make them independent of this development. In the coming years, such passive and active homes will become standard and – in conjunction with smart grid energy – will redefine energy supply.
In the face of climate change, attempts to reduce carbon emissions have been made in all fields in recent years. The construction and real estate sectors are of great significance here, as they are responsible for approximately 33 percent of emissions. Zero-emission operation over the entire life cycle is therefore a declared goal of Blue Buildings – one that can only be achieved by fully addressing all influencing factors.
In addition to tobacco smoke, building materials in the wall and flooring coverings, paints and varnishes, furniture, and adhesives often contain harmful substances. These include, for example, aldehydes and solvents such as aromatic hydrocarbons and alcohols. The building of the future foregoes building materials that are harmful to health. More than that: Ideally, materials are used that absorb hazardous substances.
The building of the future has a symbiotic relationship with its surroundings and the environment. As part of closed material cycles, it works on the Cradle to Cradle principle. According to this principle there are biological and technical cycles. At the end of their service life, all materials are returned to one of the material cycles. As a result, the building of the future does not produce any waste – all materials that leave the building are reprocessed or assimilated.
Flexibility of use
If a building’s use changes, it must adapt – quickly and without great expense or effort. Principals and designers of Blue Buildings do not limit themselves to a particular user or use, but keep requirements in mind from the outset. Flexible axis grids simplify layout changes. Partition elements are designed to permit easy relocation. These initial investments are outweighed by the economic benefits over the life cycle of the property.
Increasingly, the development of new technologies and ongoing globalization are accelerating work processes and changing work practices. To make your company innovative, productive and cost-efficient in this environment, work and production processes have to be optimized before you think about a building or remodeling.
Before the actual planning phase starts, the product “building” and project execution must be clearly defined. Project goals and requirements specifications for the planners ensure a common thrust in accordance with the principal’s wishes. These are backed by an optimal execution strategy and the necessary project organization for its implementation.
Trouble-free construction requires careful planning. Building Information Modeling (BIM) optimizes the conventional planning process. This method allows innovations that were previously quite simply not possible. The result is production- and quality-oriented planning as the basis for cost-effective, largely defect-free and more efficient construction.
But even with BIM planning, a project can still go wrong. Ineffective processes delay the construction process. The result: Deadlines are missed, costs spiral and quality targets are not met. But not with Lean Construction Management (LCM). Harmonized planning, logistics and construction processes in conjunction with KAIZEN enable production-focused construction with a predictable outcome.
Although building operation is the longest phase of the life cycle, it is often given too little thought or viewed in isolation from planning and execution. The consequences are disastrous: Building operation costs too much or does not meet expectations. Operation is economical if the principal decides on modular, standardized construction. This includes interdisciplinary product continuity as well as a sustainable product quality that is integrated into the material cycle.
If a building in the year, then the owner is in front of a whole number of questions: What should and can I do to keep tenants or gain a reasonable rent or owner-occupiers to increase the productivity and attraction. The building was created by the outlined criteria, then one can answer such questions much easier and cheaper - even with a deconstruction.